Earth Day and the Pagan Spirit

Jason Pitzl-Waters —  April 22, 2014 — 16 Comments

“We are now in the mountains and they are in us, kindling enthusiasm, making every nerve quiver, filling every pore and cell of us.”John Muir

Today is Earth Day, a moment when we as a people take notice of our interconnected relationship with the planet we inhabit, when, in theory, we take stock of our responsibilities towards good stewardship of the fragile ecosystems that allow the flourishing of life. A moment where we realize that the resources that we depend on for life are not inexhaustible or incorruptible. Originally a teach-in on environmental issues, Earth Day has since become a global point of focus for issues relating to environmentalism, ecology, and the preservation of natural resources. With climate change becoming an increasingly dire issue, it remains to be seen if we can escape the fog of politics and actually work to mitigate some of the worst effects while we still can.

Pioneer trail, Oregon. Photo: Jason Thomas Pitzl.

Pioneer trail, Oregon. Photo: Jason Thomas Pitzl.

While many contemporary Pagans today feel a deep connection with these issues, to the point where many now describe themselves as following an “Earth Religion,” that was not always the case. Nascent Pagan religious culture in the 1950s and 1960s  was more focused on what scholar Chas Clifton, in his book “Her Hidden Children,” calls “cosmic” and “embodied” forms of nature. This former dominant paradigm is underscored by a recent editorial by Fritz Muntean, who argues that hedonism, not high-minded environmental concerns, were the driving force in the community he joined in the 1960s.

 “The people who rallied, with me, around the ribbon-bedecked May Pole of modern Pagan Witchcraft in the early 1960s were primarily hedonists. Many of us, it’s true, were interested in ecology and environmentalism. But all were there, I believe, to fuel the fires of a religiosity that claimed ‘all acts of love and pleasure’ as its sacraments.”

I think that Muntean’s assertions as to how the shift in emphasis from ‘cosmic’ and ’embodied’ ideas to ‘Gaian’ ones happened suffers from a selective and biased reading of our community’s history, and largely ignores how Pagans of that time were influenced by a much larger groundswell in the West around issues of environmentalism. As Clifton puts it, this cultural shift within Paganism largely happened without premeditation.

Chas Clifton

Chas Clifton

“I would stress that Wicca and other forms of new American Paganism stepped right into the opening created, without, so far as I can tell, any premeditation. In more than a quarter century of involvement in the movement, I have not uncovered any instance of any American Pagan’s saying, in effect, ‘Let’s position ourselves as the environmental religion.’ Risking an argument from absence, I think that the unconscious ease with which American Pagans embraced the terms nature religion or earth religion testifies to the strength of Catherine Albanese’s argument that nature religion does exist in the American worldview, whether as a scholarly construct, a way of organizing reality (her first description), or as the ‘spiritual source of secular passion.'”

It should be noted that within the larger Pagan movement, some individuals and groups have, in recent years, rejected labels like “earth religion” or “nature religion,” finding them not accurate descriptors of what they practice or believe. That said, support for environmental causes, a willingness to embrace modern scientific data on issues like climate change, and a general belief that preserving natural resources is a good idea, are still pervasive throughout our interconnected communities. A shift did happen in 1970, one that has changed our religious movement in a deep manner, to the point where environmentalism is often slurred with the epithet of “pagan” by some political conservatives.

“With the demise of the biblical religions that have provided the American people with their core values since the country’s inception, we are reverting to the pagan worldview. Trees and animals are venerated, while man is simply one more animal in the ecosystem. And he is largely a hindrance, not an asset.”

This slur, meant to shock Christians of a certain stripe, is increasingly losing its power in the face of greater ecological catastrophes. The main question now is, will outrage over local disasters, over poisoned resources, over under-regulated oil, chemical, and gas industries, gel into a national movement powerful enough to shift the political will as it did in the 1970s? Back then it took acid rain, rivers on fire, toxic smog, and widespread chemical poisoning of both people and our ecosystem before enough push-back solidified. How much damage, or more accurately, how much irreversible damage, will we as a culture tolerate? It’s clear we will need more than Pagans espousing nature religion, we will need a larger change in how we all encounter and experience the natural world and our place within it.

View from Spencer Butte. Photo: Jason Thomas Pitzl

View from Spencer Butte. Photo: Jason Thomas Pitzl

While I think that documentaries like “A Fierce Green Fire” (debuting tonight on PBS), “Monumental,” “Earth Days,” or Ken Burns’ love letter to the National Parks, can help raise both awareness and a longing for reconnection with nature, nothing replaces experience. Living in Oregon, surrounded by ocean, forest, high plains desert, mountain, and butte, one has only to pick a direction and walk to it. Since moving here some years ago, I have seen my own spiritual framework shift and change as I adapted to my new home. Here, people regularly climb to the summit of local buttes to break through the clouds that are our reality for several months of the year, where almost everyone owns hiking gear, where both REI and Cabela’s thrive in providing equipment for a number of outdoor excursions. As a result, “nature religion” is almost our default setting in a land where religious “nones” are a force to be reckoned with.

Not everyone has access to the lush splendor of the Pacific Northwest, but nature, and our desire to preserve its ability to support us, need not depend on forest or mountain. Pagans can oppose fracking in urban New York City, they can get involved in environmental law, fighting for nature in our courtrooms, they can call awareness to poisoned water supplies, they can stand on the front lines as activists, and perhaps most importantly, they can dig into the history of the land they are on, no matter where that is.

“Many of us look to the land to teach us various internal and external lessons. And most of us look to what has been built before us in order to better understand who we were and are. But we sometimes overlook the idea that the objects and structures that we have built can also serve as powerful lessons about the land itself. Lessons that our ancestors knew but in the present-day we have forgotten, lessons that the land may not be able to tell us quite so clearly, especially when man-made alterations have transformed the historic layout of a landscape.”Alley Valkyrie

I know that there will be many who will say that there is little they can do, that they already recycle, or conserve, or donate, as best that they can. That the problems we face are too immense, that we can simply face forward with stoic composure, or engage in “collapse” scenario preparations, and hope for the best. However, I don’t think that’s true, there is something we all can do, rich or poor, connected or isolated, and that is to stop being polite about the devastation. When the AIDS crisis hit, there were those who were more than ready to consign all who were hit by the disease with death, who readily villainized the sick. However, a group of people decided that they weren’t going to die quietly, and that they weren’t going to give up hope. They forced awareness, they pushed for new drugs, and they pushed for policy changes. As a result, there are thousands alive today who may not have been had they accepted their fate.

Trees and sun in Oregon. Photo: Jason Thomas Pitzl

Trees and sun in Oregon. Photo: Jason Thomas Pitzl

The way forward, especially for those of us who think terms like “nature religion” or “earth religion” matter, is to keep pushing towards a culture that cares about these issues. Where it is reported on in the news every day, where all politicians are forced to have a position, where every new statistic, every new disaster, every new setback, is discussed openly, even if it annoys some of your connected social network. If nature is sacred, if we are connected to that sacred nature, then “likes” are immaterial in the face of crisis. If we want global change, we must become that change. We must role model what we expect from our leadership, be that spiritual or political. Making every day “Earth Day” has become a cliche rejoinder, but we must instead make it a call to action that promotes a radical shift in our spirit.

Jason Pitzl-Waters


  • Crystal Hope Kendrick

    Hear, hear!

  • anne johnson

    I am old enough to remember when the Potomac River was so toxic that nothing could live in it, and swimming was strictly forbidden. Now it teems with life up in its forks, where the pollution was the worst. I was a kid, I don’t know what happened to improve that waterway. My feeling is that hunters and fishermen exerted an influence. We have to be willing to work with them. Also I could call attention to land use planning in local communities. Planning boards can be pressured to curb sprawling developments by just a few vocal citizens.

    • Most of what you are seeing is the results of the Clean Water Act and the Clean Air Act, and the diligent work of the EPA.

    • Jennifer Locke

      You remind me of the “smog days” we had in the late 60s and early 70s in California. When the air quality reached a certain level we couldn’t go out for recess or gym, and if it got worse we were sent home from school early. That made no sense to me until I became and adult and realized the school board probably didn’t want any respiratory emergencies on its watch.

      When I listen to people wishing to dismantle regulation, I remind them that California school children no longer have smog days and not because the captains of industry all got together and decided to solve the problem. What happened is that the EPA was invented.

  • JB

    We may have state-capitalism, or we may may have a future on Earth. In either case, we may have only one of these.

  • I understand it’s called “Mother Earth Day” in many countries, and some of us are trying to promulgate that handle here in the States. So: A happy and blessed Mother Earth Day to you. Our observance will include planting milkweed today to help the monarch butterflies.

    This also might be a good time to mention the Global Climate Convergence: From Earth Day to May Day which may be of interested to Earth-centered Pagans.

  • Hecate_Demetersdatter

    Jason, v. nice post altogether, but I just have to say that is a spectacular photo!

  • g75401

    Just as a reminder, we all hearken back to the days that people were completely aware of their connections to nature. We hunted, we farmed, we went hungry, we celebrated plenty. We have the luxury of choosing a date to celebrate nature, less than 200 years ago, we were subject to it on a daily basis. You may claim the pagan movement started out as hedonism, but what was hedonism in the 50’s but a rebuttal to 1500 years of Christianity and the peculiar brand in America called Puritanism? I see it a part of the road back….

  • David Caulkins

    Thank you for a well written and thoughtful article.

  • Your photos evoked peace in my heart. What Muir called “redwood cathedrals”, when the sun shines through a grove as if through stained glass windows, always move me, and I feel a stronger connection to the divine around me than in almost any other place.

    The view from Spencer Butte reminds me of how I love watch fog move over mountains and down into valleys, a common sight on the SF peninsula. I never tire of it. When I biked to school in San Diego in the fog, I always felt surrounded by an almost conscious entity.

    A fortnight or so ago, I was headed west on the San Mateo Bridge, across the SF Bay. The fog was pouring abundantly over the coastal range, and it was almost as if there was a huge wave of water pouring itself into the calm waters of the bay. If I could have pulled over safely, I’d have taken a photo.

  • Bob_Knows

    I have been “worshiping” the earth for more than half a century, but just because I’m pagan does not mean I’m stupid. Just because we love the earth does not mean we need to jump on every stupid nonsense that politicians want to waste our money on. Political liars in black ties calling themselves “scientists” have fooled way too many of the gullible well intended but less than well educated on science pagans lately. The bird choppers that hack millions of migratory birds to pieces while not producing enough electricity to even pay for their own maintenance are a poor joke — and harm the beautiful environment. Phony “global warming” lies have sucked in many but the arctic ice has not melted, and wise people would still be prepared for a possible repeat of the medieval cold period. We love the earth, but we all aren’t fools.

    • Knight_of_Infinite_Resignation

      thank goodness the lies of all those careful research scientists around the world have been exposed by those brave and courageous oilmen and bankers.

    • Diotima Mantineia

      Wind energy has a net energy gain

      According to the American Bird Conservancy, around 440,000 birds are killed each year by wind turbines. While that is too many, it is less than half a million, not “millions”, Millions of birds ARE killed each year — 300 million to 1 billion according to the Conservancy — by collisions with glass buildings. Just to put things in perspective.

  • Diotima Mantineia

    I keep this handy, because there are so many people who simply ignore the science behind climate change. This article is particularly helpful, because it’s from Scientific American, and full of links and references.

  • Contrary to Clifton’s quote above, Oberon Zell does describe himself as quite consciously and intentionally positioning Paganism as the environmental religion. He describes this in his recent book, *The Wizard and the Witch: Seven Decades of Countercoulture, Magick, and Paganism*